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Workers are exploited in a capitalism system
This might be true but there is no clear solution to this problem in any economic system
Workers are exploited because they recieve in compensation much less than the actual value add of their labour
This relies on the Labour Theory of Value which was rebutted pretty decisively around 100 years ago by Carl Menger and others.
Without the LTV, it's very unclear that workers are exploited.
Most lib-left ideologies actually do fix this problem
Attempt to fix might be more accurate. Certainly not all of these ideas have been tried, but unless I'm mistaken none of them have succeeded in supplanting mixed capitalism.
In a permanent sense this is true- however, certain areas have implemented such philosophies successfully until such a time that they were militarily crushed, not until they collapsed on their own.
when labour is not being exchanged for capital, there is no exploitation of the workers or alienation from their labour
Surely if workers are coerced this is either 'exploitation' or something worse.
There's also no incentive to improve your work. A compromise you don't mention is something like a Universal Basic Income, where you have a base stipend, and can earn additional funds through work.
Workers are exploited because in a market society we have to work to survive
In almost every society in history we've 'had' to work - anything else implies that we expect others to give them the product of their labour for free
A non-market economy is likely to either stagnate (very low growth) due to decreased pace of production and innovation or to have to coerce people into working (the approach historically taken).
all people are negatively impacted by the conditions of capitalism, with the majority being exploited
This is untrue because in spite of the flaws which exist, there are no systems which are likely to be better
We cannot decisively say that all societies are worse- for one, not all theoretical systems have been tried; for another, the way we define 'worse' is objective.
Capitalism transforms the values of the citizens for the worse
It might. It's not clear however that pre-market humans were any more virtuous or less self-interested, and one would want to be pretty sure about something like this before trying to transform society.
In comparison, people were less self-interested only 40 or 50 years ago.
And your evidence for that is..?
This implies we're 'going back' to something, why can't new conditions be formed?
Perhaps they could, but this seems
1) theoretically speculative
2) practically infeasible