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Workers are exploited in a capitalism system
This might be true but there is no clear solution to this problem in any economic system
Workers are exploited because they recieve in compensation much less than the actual value add of their labour
This relies on the Labour Theory of Value which was rebutted pretty decisively around 100 years ago by Carl Menger and others.
Without the LTV, it's very unclear that workers are exploited.
Most lib-left ideologies actually do fix this problem
Attempt to fix might be more accurate. Certainly not all of these ideas have been tried, but unless I'm mistaken none of them have succeeded in supplanting mixed capitalism.
In a permanent sense this is true- however, certain areas have implemented such philosophies successfully until such a time that they were militarily crushed, not until they collapsed on their own.
when labour is not being exchanged for capital, there is no exploitation of the workers or alienation from their labour
Surely if workers are coerced this is either 'exploitation' or something worse.
Anarcho-communism does not involve coercion.
There's also no incentive to improve your work. A compromise you don't mention is something like a Universal Basic Income, where you have a base stipend, and can earn additional funds through work.
Workers are exploited because in a market society we have to work to survive
In almost every society in history we've 'had' to work - anything else implies that we expect others to give them the product of their labour for free
A non-market economy is likely to either stagnate (very low growth) due to decreased pace of production and innovation or to have to coerce people into working (the approach historically taken).
all people are negatively impacted by the conditions of capitalism, with the majority being exploited
Market Capitalism is basically people exchanging products of their work at a ratio determined by the supply/demand balance. Hard to come up with a more fair system, really.
This is untrue because in spite of the flaws which exist, there are no systems which are likely to be better
We cannot decisively say that all societies are worse- for one, not all theoretical systems have been tried; for another, the way we define 'worse' is objective.
Unless an understood and common consensus on what the term "best" and "worse" mean, the overall question is void. Additionally, unimplemented theoretical systems are neither better nor worse; they don't exist.
Communism would fix many of capitalism's flaws. Why would someone send materials across the ocean a few times, polluting, to manufacture if they could manufacture the same thing close to where the materials are produced? It is more efficient to make it there, but it costs more in capitalism.
It is better to specialize production based on the region and the materials/expertise of that region. The global economy working together to halve child mortality is an example of capitalism's success. In addition to its contribution to the world's current relative peace.
No historical execution of collectivized industry in agriculture, heavy, or manufacture has yielded better living conditions.
Capitalism transforms the values of the citizens for the worse
It might. It's not clear however that pre-market humans were any more virtuous or less self-interested, and one would want to be pretty sure about something like this before trying to transform society.
In comparison, people were less self-interested only 40 or 50 years ago.
And your evidence for that is..?
This implies we're 'going back' to something, why can't new conditions be formed?
Perhaps they could, but this seems
1) theoretically speculative
2) practically infeasible
In communism, would you see something like slave labour being used to make your clothes? In capitalism, companies which have leaders who will do anything possible to extract the most profit possible may survive more easily, especially if they can keep their practices hidden.
Isn't slave labour the only mode of labour in most forms of communism? In capitalism, all labour should be voluntary, although admittedly wage slavery clearly exists.
In communism, all labour is voluntary. In capitalism, almost none of it is.
Communism: Please work because society needs you, and it is unkind to refuse to work if you can.
Capitalism: Work or starve.
All labour is voluntary, hence most people don't work, and most of the society leeches off of the few that still work for some reason.
eventually with no one willing to work to make others' welfare better, whoever is in control (as there is always a group in control even if they don't identify themselves) will force others to do work = literal slavery