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Then what is the cause?
There is no pay gap.
Studies show there is a pay gap.
Those studies do not take in consideration job choices, hours worked and experience; Instead they just publish the ratio between the salary of all men and the salary of all women.
When said factors are considered the wage gap shrinks to a 0.05$ difference.
Taking job choice into account still shows a pay gap.
Another study showing the effect of bias on the pay gap
The pay gap is irrelevant if men and women do completely different jobs and hours.
Men and women hold many of the same jobs.
Yes, men and women share some jobs but Women still do a lot less physical work, less over time and less hours.
Sharing some jobs means the pay gap studies are still relevant.
One gender may get less hours due to gender bias.
But they don't. Women simply tend to do less hours. Ask any man with female co-workers, they'll say Women take more time off than men do, and call in sick more often.
Doesn't take time during pregnancy into account.
"Many workplaces are quite inflexible about emergency leave, so the only way to get that time off is sick leave."
Women are expected to care for children more. Doesn't take childcare into account.
Job choice is influenced by gender. Sexism can theoretically discourage women from certain professions.
Sexism can theoretically and does discourage men from certain professions. This is not a woman's issue. This is a human issue.
False equivalency. Women are discouraged from more higher-paying professions than men.
No, Woman are not discouraged. They simply go into different lines of work because generally, higher paid jobs involve physical activities, which men are more suited to do.
Most higher paying jobs (Doctors/Lawyers) do not depend on the amount of physical labor.