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Many significant scientists and mathematicians, such as Blaise Pascal and Leonhard Euler, were Christians and developed science as a way to glorify God.
The works of monks in monasteries in the middle ages, specifically the copying by hand the works of ancient scientists and philosophers, enabled the Scientific Revolution.
Although many discoveries were made by Christians or as the result of Christian investment, both the scientific method and Christianity stem from humanity's desire to understand a universe that does not contain inherent meaning or purpose. Neither one caused the other. The scientific revolution would also be impossible without the previous works of non-christian philosophers and mathematicians such as Aristotle and Ptolemy. Christian monks simply played the role of making those works more accessible to more scientists, and are therefore no more important than those "ancient scientists and philosophers." elersong
The anatomical study of the human body was greatly enhanced by its portrayal by Renaissance painters, who were often financed by the Pontificate.
The discoveries that were built upon financial investment by the Christian church may have been slowed or even undiscovered without that investment, however other discoveries that have been stifled by the church may have become far more advanced than their current status. IE: evolutionary genetics
One must be careful not to fall down a slippery slope argument, suggesting that Christianity is the cause of scientific advancement. It's very possible that something unrelated to religion could have caused the same or greater effect upon discovery in another timeline. There is no way to know.
Europe had the technology and the knowledge of the East by crusades.
Ps: Crusaders met with printing by crusades. They spread it to Europe. Age of Enlightenment started with that invention.
Although Christianity (i.e. Catholic Church) opposes scientific doctrines such as the Big Bang Theory and organic evolution, it hasn't significantly impeded the development of science on a large scale.
Many Christians may think that scientific theory opposes Christian doctrine, but that doesn't mean science and doctrine actually collide. In fact, Pope Francis has recently (2014) spoken out against this fallacy, stating that "When we read about Creation in Genesis, we run the risk of imagining God was a magician, with a magic wand able to do everything. But that is not so." elersong