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Typically white and negro schools cannot be made equal in terms of educational opportunities, therefore denying minority students an equivalent education.
It is doubtful to expect a child to succeed in life if they are denied the opportunity of an education. Educational opportunities must be made available to all on equal terms.
after considering the Amendment in Congress, ratification by the states, then existing practices in racial segregation, the Court found that the true meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment was inconclusive
The status of public schools at the time were different. The education of Negroes was almost nonexistent, and it was even forbidden by law in some states. Therefore, there is not much history of the Fourteenth Amendment and the intended effect on public education.
segregated public schools are not "equal" and cannot be made "equal", and hence they are deprived of the equal protection of the laws
the phrase "separate but equal" has been used in segregation Supreme Court cases over the previous century
The psychological impact on students from segregation was not known as it is now during the time of Plessy V. Ferguson.
The Court cannot decide based upon the tangible factors of equality, rather the effect of segregation itself on public education
When students are separated by race, it causes a feeling of inferiority that can affect their position in their community as well as shape their mindset and feelings of worth.
in past cases involving the Fourteenth Amendment, the Court interpreted it as prohibiting all state-imposed discriminations against the Negro race