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The decision must be based on the effect of segregation on public education.
Because public education is far more developed now, we need to look at contemporary conditions—not the past.
Education is important enough that it is a right that needs to be made available to all on equal terms.
We recognize how important education is for democratic society.
Education is key for child development.
Key for awakening cultural values.
Key to preparing him/her for later professional training.
Key to helping him/her adjust normally to environment.
Unlikely a child can succeed in life without education.
Education is perhaps the most important function of state and local government.
Compulsory school attendance laws.
Large public expenditures on education.
Education is required for most basic public responsibilities.
Education is the foundation of good citizenship.
Previous cases turned on clear inequality in circumstances.
In these cases, there was evidence that there were attempts to equalize all tangible factors.
Historical evidence about the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment is inconclusive.
The historical record says little about the connection between the Fourteenth Amendment and education.
At the time of the Amendment, the South had not adopted free common schools supported by general taxation.
Most Negroes were un-educated and illiterate.
Many states outlawed educating Negroes.
In contemporary society, Negroes have achieved many successes across areas of society.
Education of white children was in the hands of private groups.
Public education in the North was not very advanced either.
"Separate but equal" was not a part of the original jurisprudence about the Amendment.
"Separate but Equal" first appeared in the 1896 case of Plessy v Ferguson, a transportation case.