Printz v. United States
2 months, 1 week ago
The Court held in New York v. United States that Congress cannot compel the States to enact or enforce a federal regulatory program.
It violates the "Necessary and Proper Clause" of the Tenth Amendment.
When Congress passes a law, the President "shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed," personally and through officers whom he appoints.
The States retain "a residuary and inviolable sovereignty..."
The Federalist No. 39
Congress has never assumed the Federal Government may command the State's executive power without constitutional authorization.
Justice Scalia's Majority Opinion