Separate but equal violates the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment
The Equal Protection Clause of the14th Amendment says "No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property..."
Brown argued that the schools that black students were attending were not equal to the schools of white students. Also, even though there was an Elementary school that was walking distance to Linda Browns home, she had to travel by bus to get to the school for black students
Unanimous decision ruled that separate but equal facilities are unconstitutional. The majority opinion given by Chief Justice Warren. Warren stated that separating students based on race causes a system of inferiority, which goes against the Equal Protection Clause.
This was the same situation for many black students across the U.S. and finally the case of Brown v. Board of Education made it to the Supreme Court. The NAACPs' legal defense team was on the side of Brown during the case.
Murray v. Maryland (1936) Since at this time no other law school had the same academics as this university, the University of Maryland's law school violated separate but equal when they did not admit a black student and his only other option was a law school that was not as credible.
Missouri ex rel Gaines v. Canada (1938) Missouri ex rel was violating the equal protection clause because Missouri had a law school for white students but they did not have a law school for black students within their state boarders.