you have overlooked the Argument maps that are commonly used in the context of teaching and applying critical thinking. The purpose of mapping is to uncover the logical structure of arguments, identify unstated assumptions, evaluate the support an argument offers for a conclusion, etc.
Jobs can be created in other fields and unemplyeed people can work in those fields. E.g. there are a lot of Environment issues going on. Goverment could foster those areas and create jobs. Some for social and medical challenges (care or socially deprived people)
Consider a piece of paper with many numbers written on it. There is no known mechanism for that piece of paper to replicate itself. You could tear it in half, but no information would have replicated. One half would have half the information, the other half would have the other half.